According to recent research, people who successfully quit smoking, cholesterol profiles participate better. If it can be confirmed by future studies, these findings may provide insight to the relationship between smoking and heart health.
Approximately 20% of deaths from suspected heart disease associated with smoking. However, the researchers have not entirely sure how it could happen. Smoking seems to affect the cardiovascular system in various ways, including lower levels of oxygen and damage the heart itself.
Gepner doctor from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and
Public Health, in Madison, told Reuters Health, said a small number of
studies have also shown that smoking lowers good cholesterol (HDL)
cholesterol and increase bad (LDL).
test the effects of stop smoking on cholesterol levels more accurately
and in a realistic setting, Gepner and colleagues recruited more than
1,500 smokers representative of the U.S. population today, including
those who are overweight and obesity. On average participants smoked 21 cigarettes a day before attending the study. After one year, one of the following five stop smoking program, a total of 334 (36%) successfully quit smoking.
The researchers found that those who stop smoking to increase HDL (good cholesterol) of approximately 5% or 2.4 mg / dL. Those
who stop smoking also increased the amount of HDL particles, which are
essential to reduce the risk of heart disease, researchers reported at
the American Heart Journal.
The effect is much stronger in women. However, it seems no matter how many cigarettes smoked at the start of the study. Heavy smokers enjoy the same benefits of HDL with moderate smokers and light after a stop smoking.
One effect of quitting smoking is weight gain. Those who stopped smoking experienced an average weight gain 10 pounds than 1-2 pounds in the group who resumed smoking. A
number of participants are already overweight when the study started,
with an average BMI of 29.6 (a BMI between 20-25 to be considered as a
healthy range). Weight gain is also known as the factors that affect cholesterol, both the bad (LDL) and good (HDL).
further benefit on cholesterol levels covered by the possibility of
weight gain seen after a person stops smoking." It is important for
those who quit smoking to realize this potential weight gain, so it is
advised to eat balanced meals and exercise regularly after quitting
smoking, "said Gepner.
However, the researchers caution, the study did not prove to stop smoking can improve cholesterol levels. Further
studies are needed to rule out other possible explanations, including
the role of changes in alcohol consumption, which is also known to
also noted that it remains unclear how the possibility of stop smoking
have an impact on cholesterol levels, although it could have occurred
because of changes in the proteins that control the breakdown of
cholesterol. Smoking can damage the protein